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Aircraft Primary Flight Control Surfaces Explained | Ailerons, Elevators, and Rudders
Aircraft flight control systems consist of primary and secondary systems. The ailerons, elevator (or stabilator), and rudder constitute the primary control system and are required to control an aircraft safely during flight.
the ailerons are the flight control surfaces at the outboard trailing edge of each wing and move in opposite direction from each other. If the one side goes up then the other side will go down and vice versa. This will create different forces in each wings. The one with the aileron down will have increased lift and the one with ailerons up will have reduced lift. Now we have up and down acting forces away from the center of the gravity. The net effect? The aircraft will then roll. That is to say it will rotate about its longitudinal axis.
The elevator are the flight control surfaces that are situated at the tail part of an airplane, on a horizontal tail and rotate up and down simultaneously, unlike the ailerons. As they move up or down, which is achieved through linkages, in older aircrafts, and through fly-by-wire systems in modern airliners, there is a net up or down force. When the elevator moves down, since it increase the chamber, the lift on the horizontal will increase. This increment in lift will create an upward force away from the center of gravity. Result? The aircraft will rotate nose down about its center of gravity. In the same way the nose can be pointed up just by moving the elevators up.
Rudder is the surface that is located at the tail part on a vertical stabilizer and can rotate side to side about its hinge axis. They are simply the elevators, turned vertical. But unlike the elevators, Rudders are controlled by the rudder pedals on an aircraft not through control stick though the mechanisms are about the same. Okay, When the rudder are deflected to the left as seen here then the aerodynamic force to the RIGHT is created. Its same as the creation of more lift as the elevator does, but its sideways. And as the force is created to the RIGHT AND away from the center of gravity, the nose will then rotate towards LEFT.
1. https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=568081 by Piotr Jaworski; PioM
2. By Jjw – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12872799
3. https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=566537 by Glenn Research Center, NASA
4. https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1392713 by Glenn Research Center, NASA
5. https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=566665 by Glenn Research Center, NASA
#primaryflightcontrols #aileron #elevator #rudder #flightcontrolsurfaces #airplanecontrols
Runaway AIRCRAFT! This Aircraft Flew TWO HOURS Without CONTROLS!
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Imagine being stuck on an aircraft which is clearly out of control. Now imagine that for almost TWO WHOLE HOURS. This is effectively what happened to the pilots and passengers of Air Astana flight 1388.
In this video I will tell you all that you need to know from the final report, explaining this accident.
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Below you will find the links to videos and sources used in this episode. Enjoy checking them out!
00:00 – Intro
00:27 – Chapter 1: Routine Maintenance
01:43 – Chapter 2: Cable Issues
02:48 – Chapter 3: Roll Axis
03:40 – Chapter 4: A Hybrid Aircraft
04:41 – Chapter 5: The Crew
05:16 – Chapter 6: The Flight Crew
05:52 – Chapter 7: Pre-Flight
06:53 – Chapter 8: Taxi
07:47 – Chapter 9: Takeoff
08:46 – Chapter 10: Rollercoaster From Hell
10:25 – Chapter 11: The Ride Continues
14:38 – Chapter 12: Two’s Company
15:59 – Chapter 13: Landing Attempt 1
16:54 – Chapter 14: Landing Attempt 2
17:22 – Chapter 15: Third Time Lucky?
18:07 – Chapter 16: Sickbags At The Ready
19:01 – Final Chapter: What Went Wrong?
20:24 – Outro
Maintenance Aircraft: @ aviationbusinessnews.com
Aircraft Systems – 02 – Flight Controls
This video goes in depth into the flight control systems of the Cessna 172S. You’ll learn about all of the controls that a pilot can use to manipulate the airplane, and see 3D models of their inner-workings!